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The secret history of CIA in Iran – 2000

July 29, 2015

Or how a nationalist and a democratically elected, popular Prime Minister of Iran, Mosaddegh, was overthrown in a coup engineered by CIA and MI6, because he was nationalizing the Iran’s Oil. And US had this fear of communism. Reading this one feels that US owes reparations (word recently used by Shashi Tharoor) to so much of the world.

‘In March 2000, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright stated her regret that Mosaddegh was ousted: “The Eisenhower administration believed its actions were justified for strategic reasons. But the coup was clearly a setback for Iran’s political development and it is easy to see now why many Iranians continue to resent this intervention by America.” In the same year, The New York Times published a detailed report about the coup based on declassified CIA documents.’

Below are interesting sections from ‘The secret history of CIA in Iran – 2000’):


‘The document, which remains classified, discloses the pivotal role British intelligence officials played in initiating and planning the coup, and it shows that Washington and London shared an interest in maintaining the West’s control over Iranian oil.’

‘Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi, whom it derided as a vacillating coward. And it recounts, for the first time, the agency’s tortured efforts to seduce and cajole the shah into taking part in his own coup.’

‘In 1951, Iran’s Parliament voted to nationalize the oil industry, and legislators backing the law elected its leading advocate, Dr. Mossadegh, as prime minister. Britain responded with threats and sanctions.’
[How innovative, historically speaking!]

‘His family had seized Iran’s throne just 32 years earlier, when his powerful father led a coup of his own. But the young shah, agency officials wrote, was “by nature a creature of indecision, beset by formless doubts and fears,” often at odds with his family, including Princess Ashraf, his “forceful and scheming twin sister.”‘

[inheritors always tend to be lesser than founders]

‘In early August, the C.I.A. stepped up the pressure. Iranian operatives pretending to be Communists threatened Muslim leaders with “savage punishment if they opposed Mossadegh,” seeking to stir anti-Communist sentiment in the religious community.’

[How many CIA operatives were there in Iran? Including in the palace, which encouraged the thaw between Shah Jr. and his sister]

‘the house of at least one prominent Muslim was bombed by C.I.A. agents posing as Communists. It does not say whether anyone was hurt in this attack.’

‘The agency was also intensifying its propaganda campaign. A leading newspaper owner was granted a personal loan of about $45,000, “in the belief that this would make his organ amenable to our purposes.”‘


‘Dr. Mossadegh had by now figured out that there was a plot against him. He moved to consolidate power by calling for a national referendum to dissolve Parliament.

The results of the Aug. 4 referendum were clearly rigged in his favor; The New York Times reported the same day that the prime minister had won 99.9 percent of the vote. This only helped the plotters, providing “an issue on which Mossadegh could be relentlessly attacked” by the agency-backed opposition press.’

[The extent to which they go! Allowing their opponent to win some battles, to serve their propaganda machine!!…which ultimately helps them win the war]

‘Mr. Roosevelt told the shah “that failure to act could lead only to a Communist Iran or to a second Korea.”‘

[brainwashing via bracketing..Wonder: Is N. Korea, really as bad, as projected by US?]

‘Pro-shah soldiers sent to arrest Dr. Mossadegh at his home were instead captured. The top military officer working with General Zahedi fled when he saw tanks and loyal government soldiers at army headquarters.

The next morning, the history states, the Tehran radio announced that a coup against the government had failed, and Dr. Mossadegh scrambled to strengthen his hold on the army and key installations. C.I.A. officers inside the embassy were flying blind; the history says they had “no way of knowing what was happening.”‘

[So the first attempt at coup on Aug 15 ’53 failed]

‘Mr. Roosevelt left the embassy and tracked down General Zahedi, who was in hiding north of Tehran. Surprisingly, the general was not ready to abandon the operation. The coup, the two men agreed, could still work, provided they could persuade the public that General Zahedi was the lawful prime minister.

To accomplish this, the history discloses, the coup plotters had to get out the news that the shah had signed the two decrees.’

[2nd attempt, by making the indecisive Shah, decide in favor of a decree (Farman) to fire the legal PM]

‘The C.I.A. and its agents also arranged for the decrees to be mentioned in some Tehran papers, the history says.’

[wonder how much of media is controlled today?!… and what are the current objectives?]]

‘Once again, the shah disappointed the C.I.A. He left Baghdad for Rome the next day, apparently an exile. Newspapers supporting Dr. Mossadegh reported that the Pahlevi dynasty had come to an end, and a statement from the Communist Party’s central committee attributed the coup attempt to “Anglo-American intrigue.” Demonstrators ripped down imperial statues — as they would again 26 years later during the Islamic revolution.’

[So the existing PM Mosaddegh became compalcent thinking danger is over. And coward Shah first fled to Baghdad and then to Rome, while all this was happening. While the US powers on ground engineered the coup to completion!]

‘But just as the Americans were ready to quit, the mood on the streets of Tehran shifted.

On the morning of Aug. 19, several Tehran papers published the shah’s long-awaited decrees, and soon pro-shah crowds were building in the streets.’

[The manipulated fools, came to Americans rescue. Interestingly the religious clergy also bought into the communism propaganda!]

‘By noon the crowds began to receive direct leadership from a few officers involved in the plot and some who had switched sides. Within an hour the central telegraph office fell, and telegrams were sent to the provinces urging a pro-shah uprising. After a brief shootout, police headquarters and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs fell as well.

The Tehran radio remained the biggest prize. With the government’s fate uncertain, it was broadcasting a program on cotton prices. But by early afternoon a mass of civilians, army officers and policemen overwhelmed it. Pro-shah speakers went on the air, broadcasting the coup’s success and reading the royal decrees.’

[And hence it was done!]

‘At the embassy, C.I.A. officers were elated, and Mr. Roosevelt got General Zahedi out of hiding. An army officer found a tank and drove him to the radio station, where he spoke to the nation.

Dr. Mossadegh and other government officials were rounded up, while officers supporting General Zahedi placed “known supporters of TP-Ajax” in command of all units of the Tehran garrison.’


‘the C.I.A. took full credit inside the government. The following year it overthrew the government of Guatemala, and a myth developed that the agency could topple governments anywhere in the world.

Iran proved that third world king-making could be heady.

“It was a day that should never have ended,” the C.I.A.’s secret history said, describing Aug. 19, 1953. “For it carried with it such a sense of excitement, of satisfaction and of jubilation that it is doubtful whether any other can come up to it.”‘

[CIA gloat!]


‘In 1951, when Parliament voted to nationalize the industry, the young shah, recognizing the nationalists’ popularity, appointed Dr. Mossadegh prime minister.

In that job he became a prisoner of his own nationalism, unable to reach an oil compromise. Even as the British negotiated with Iran, they won the support of the major oil companies in imposing an effective global boycott on Iranian oil.’

[Never fight with the entrenched powers, unless you can defeat them!…Lessons for AAP]

‘When the revolution brought the clerics to power in 1979, anti-shah nationalists tried to revive Dr. Mossadegh’s memory. A Tehran thoroughfare called Pahlevi Avenue was renamed Mossadegh Avenue.

But Ayatollah Khomeini saw him as a promoter not of Islam but of Persian nationalism, and envied his popularity. So Mossadegh Avenue became Vali Asr, after the revered Hidden Imam’

[Khomeini, envied him!…]

‘Two decades later, the Mossadegh cult has been revitalized by resurgent nationalism and frustration with the strictures of Islam. Dr. Mossadegh inspires the young, who long for heroes and have not necessarily found them, either in clerics or kings.’

[Light at the end of the tunnel…neither the kings nor mullahs are your friends…and the choice is between being modern & well equipped or being a pawn to the power games…there are no other choices really!]


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